Implementing the 3-Tier Reading Model: Reducing Reading Difficulties for K-3 Students


Research indicates that early intervention—additional, targeted, and intensive reading instruction—is key to preventing later reading difficulties. Students who struggle in the beginning stages of learning to read often fall further and further behind their peers. To excel, students need data-driven, differentiated, systematic, and explicit instruction in the foundational reading components of phonemic awareness, phonics, word study, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension.

The 3-tier reading model provides a framework for ensuring that all students’ needs are met across these reading components through core reading instruction and interventions.

Designed as part of a workshop for Texas teachers of kindergarten through third-grade students, this resource outlines a 3-tier response to intervention (RTI) framework for reading instruction and how to implement it in the classroom. Any educator involved in the implementation of a 3-tier model in reading can benefit from these materials.

*The content of this professional development publication reflects 2005 requirements of the Texas Reading First Initiative.