Prioritizing Elementary School Writing Instruction: Cultivating Middle School Readiness for Students With Learning Disabilities


Helping elementary students with learning disabilities prepare for the rigor of middle school writing is an instructional priority. Fortunately, several standards-based skills in upper elementary school and middle school overlap. Teachers in upper-elementary grades, specifically fourth and fifth grades, have the opportunity to provide evidence-based writing instruction that will provide readiness for middle school writing. In this article, three key writing standards are highlighted and then paired with an evidence-based instructional approach for teaching genre-based (i.e., informative, persuasive, narrative) writing instruction, revising and editing, and note taking to students with learning disabilities. Teaching procedures and resources are included.


Ciullo, S., & Mason, L. (2017). Prioritizing elementary school writing instruction: Cultivating middle school readiness for students with learning disabilities. Intervention in School and Clinic, 52(5), 287–294. doi:10.1177/1053451216676801