Orientation Technology to Help Persons With Blindness and Multiple Disabilities Manage Indoor Travel and Travel-Related Anxiety


This study extended the assessment of a technology-aided orientation program with auditory cues by including two participants with multiple disabilities who had difficulties in indoor travel and showed travel-related anxiety behaviours (e.g., calling for help, whimpering). The study was carried out according to a multiple-probe design across two settings for the first participant and an ABAB design for the second participant. Data collection served to determine whether the orientation technology used during the intervention phases of the study and the postintervention check had a positive impact on the participants’ indoor travel and anxiety behaviours. Data showed that both participants learned to travel successfully with the support of the technology. Concomitant with their successful travel, anxiety-related behaviours were eliminated or reduced to minimal levels. Technology-aided orientation programs may be effective for both promoting correct indoor travel and reducing travel-related anxiety behaviors.


Lancioni, G. E., Singh, N. N., O’Reilly, M. F., Sigafoos, J., Boccasini, A., La Martire, M. L., . . . Lang, R. (2014). Orientation technology to help persons with blindness and multiple disabilities manage indoor travel and travel-related anxiety. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 39, 198–205. doi:10.3109/13668250.2014.902429