No matter how a teacher provides feedback—verbally or visually, to a group or one on one, publicly or subtly—the goal is the same: to improve students’ academic and behavioral outcomes. Feedback is a simple practice that requires little active planning but has a significant impact.
This brief describes the components and types of effective teacher feedback and provides examples, nonexamples, and tips that teachers can use in the classroom.
Payne, B., & Swanson, E. (2021). How to provide meaningful feedback: Teacher’s guide. The Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk.