The Effect of Reading Duration on the Reliability and Validity of Middle School Students’ ORF Performance


This study evaluated oral reading fluency probes for middle school students. Participants consisted of students with and without reading difficulties. Findings suggest that full passage probes versus 60-second probes identify a slightly higher percentage of at-risk students with reading difficulties.


Barth, A. E., Stuebing, K. K., Fletcher, J. M., Denton, C. A., Vaughn, S., & Francis, D. (2014). The effect of reading duration on the reliability and validity of middle school students’ ORF performance. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 40(1), 53–6