As researchers who have studied mechanisms for improving literacy outcomes for more than 30 years, Drs. Sharon Vaughn and Jack M. Fletcher offer a sobering review of what is known about how to help struggling readers.
Vaughn, S., & Fletcher, J. M. (2020). Identifying and teaching students with significant reading problems. American Educator. https://www.aft.org/ae/winter2020-2021/vaughn_fletcher