This study evaluated oral reading fluency probes for middle school students. Participants consisted of students with and without reading difficulties. Findings suggest that full passage probes versus 60-second probes identify a slightly higher percentage of at-risk students with reading difficulties.
Barth, A. E., Stuebing, K. K., Fletcher, J. M., Denton, C. A., Vaughn, S., & Francis, D. (2014). The effect of reading duration on the reliability and validity of middle school students' ORF performance. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 40(1), 53–64.
Special Education/Learning Disabilities
Journal Article/Book Chapter
General Education Classroom Teacher
Special Education Teacher