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Partner reading is an instructional routine that incorporates peer modeling into reading text. In the routine, one partner reads a text that is slightly challenging while the other partner corrects errors and checks for understanding. It is most effective to pair students so that one partner is a slightly more skilled reader than the other. Partners take turns being the reader and listener. The more skilled reader reads first, modeling fluent reading for the listener. While following along, the listener is exposed to any difficult words and essentially rehearses the text before reading it aloud. The partners switch roles, and the new reader reads aloud the same text while the new listener provides feedback and checks for understanding. This flexible routine can be used with any content area text in any grade level.


Swanson, E., Wexler, J., Shelton, A., Kurz, L. A., & Vaughn, S. (2018). Partner reading: An evidence-based practice. Teacher’s guide. Austin, TX: The Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk.

Related Institute

Published Date


Funding Source

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs


Content Area Instruction
Features of Effective Instruction
Literacy Instruction
Preservice Teacher Preparation
Reading Instruction
Special Education/Learning Disabilities

Type of Resource



General Education Classroom Teacher
Higher Education Instructor
Instructional Coaches
Preservice Teacher
School Administrator
Special Education Teacher
Technical Assistance Provider

Grade Level

Middle School